Zambia recognises Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) as a violation of human rights as noted in the Anti-Gender Based Violence Act of 2011. In Zambia, SGBV is an enormous problem as the cases reported increase with the years. The 2013/2014 Zambia Demographic Health Survey indicates that 43% of the Zambian women aged 15-49 years have experienced physical violence at least once since the age of 15, while 37% experienced violence within 12 months prior to the survey. 9% of the Zambian women who have experienced violence never sought help.
According to the CARE Zambia report June 2017: 59% of the gender based violence (GBV) survivors experienced physical assault; 10% experienced sexual assault; 9% experienced penetrative sexual violence which includes rape, defilement and sodomy; while, 5% experienced emotional, verbal or psychological abuse.
The Zambia Police Victim Support Unit reported 14,097 GBV cases in 2013, 15,153 cases in 2014, 18,088 cases in 2015 and 18,540 cases in 2016.
During the third quarter of 2017, the police recorded 5,096 cases of GBV reported countrywide compared to 4,235 GBV cases recorded during the same period in 2016. The Ministry of Health Permanent Secretary Jabbin Mulwanda revealed in May 2018 that, 47% of women in Zambia have experienced GBV and out of the reported cases 10% are sexual GBV. Zambia recorded 5,940 cases of GBV in the first quarter of 2018. A total of 645 cases of child defilement were recorded representing 10.9% of the reported cases out of which 642 cases were against girls while 03 cases were against boys compared to 2017 where 627 cases were recorded indicating an increase by 2.8%. The 2018 cases reported in the first quarter recorded a 0.8% increase compared to the 5,464 cases recorded during the first period in 2017. Lusaka Province recorded the highest number of defilement cases for the last 5 years.
The Government of Zambia together with several organisations are dedicated to fight against SGBV in Zambia by creating awareness, providing a safe haven for the victims and providing legal aid services among other activities.
Find organizations that support SGBV victims below.
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