Global Gender Gap Index Rank :67
A household survey conducted by the Malawi Demographic and Health Survey (MDHS) in 2004 shows that a woman, irrespective of age, marital status, residential setting, geographical location, educational background and employment status or wealth index, is subject to domestic violence. In any case the experience of violence may differ within an identified variable. For example, the 2004 survey reveals that a high percentage of women who are divorced or separated (16 per cent) experience the most violence, followed by those who are currently married (15 per cent) and those who have never married (11 per cent) with the least experience among widowed women (2 per cent). Likewise, women in rural residence experience more violence (15 per cent) than those in urban settings (11 per cent). The 2004 survey further reveals that husbands are the main perpetrators of violence. Among the women who were married during the survey, 77 per cent reported either a current or previous husband as being the perpetrator. The data also indicates that 85 per cent of divorced and separated women who ever reported experiencing physical violence, say a husband was involved. The different forms of violence experienced range from pushing, slapping, punching, kicking, strangling, threatening with a weapon, attacking with a weapon and forced intercourse to forced sexual acts.
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