Malawi

Sexual and gender based violence in Malawi

Statistics

Gender Inequality Index Rank :145

Global Gender Gap Index Rank :67

Introduction

Gender-based violence is still a rampant phenomenon in Malawi. 41 per cent of women in Malawi experience physical or sexual violence and an estimated 2.4 million children are growing up in violent homes, witnessing domestic violence and experiencing its negative effects. 65 per cent of girls experience some form of child abuse during their lifetime, compared to 35 per cent of boys. Nankali Maksud, UNICEF Chief of Child Protection, says: “Statistics on violence against women and children in Malawi are disturbing. On average, close to 30,000 cases are being reported annually to either Police Victim Support Units” (UNICEF)

A household survey conducted by the Malawi Demographic and Health Survey (MDHS) in 2004 shows that a woman, irrespective of age, marital status, residential setting, geographical location, educational background and employment status or wealth index, is subject to domestic violence. In any case the experience of violence may differ within an identified variable. For example, the 2004 survey reveals that a high percentage of women who are divorced or separated (16 per cent) experience the most violence, followed by those who are currently married (15 per cent) and those who have never married (11 per cent) with the least experience among widowed women (2 per cent). Likewise, women in rural residence experience more violence (15 per cent) than those in urban settings (11 per cent). The 2004 survey further reveals that husbands are the main perpetrators of violence. Among the women who were married during the survey, 77 per cent reported either a current or previous husband as being the perpetrator. The data also indicates that 85 per cent of divorced and separated women who ever reported experiencing physical violence, say a husband was involved. The different forms of violence experienced range from pushing, slapping, punching, kicking, strangling, threatening with a weapon, attacking with a weapon and forced intercourse to forced sexual acts.

What is Malawi doing now?

Malawi’s commitment to addressing gender-based violence emanates from the constitution which demands that there be gender equality for all people in articles 13, 19, 22, 23, 24 and 27. This commitment has further been demonstrated through the ratification of international, continental and regional instruments such as the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), the Protocol to the African Charter and the Addendum to the 1997 SADC Declaration on Violence Against Women respectively. National policies have also been put into place such as the National Response to Combat Gender Based Violence and the Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights Policy. The country’s government continues to work with both local and international organizations to manage and reduce instances of GBV in the state.

Find organizations that support SGBV victims below.

Bless-Bay Foundation

http://preventgbvafrica.org/member/bless-bay-foundation/
Social Justice

Center For Community Empowerment And Development

http://preventgbvafrica.org/member/center-for-community-empowerment-and-development/
Advocacy

Center For Community Empowerment And Development

http://preventgbvafrica.org/member/center-for-community-empowerment-and-development/
Social Justice

Centre for Alternatives for Victmised Women and Children (CAVWOC)

https://rsr.akvo.org/en/organisation/1025/
Advocacy

Centre for Alternatives for Victmised Women and Children (CAVWOC)

https://rsr.akvo.org/en/organisation/1025/
Social Justice

Centre for Children Affairs

http://ceafmalawi.webs.com/
Education

Centre for Children Affairs

http://ceafmalawi.webs.com/
Medical Psycho-social-support

Centre for Conflict Management and Women Development Affairs (CECOWDA)

https://cecowda.jimdo.com/about-us/objectives-vision-mission/
Training

Centre for Conflict Management and Women Development Affairs (CECOWDA)

https://cecowda.jimdo.com/about-us/objectives-vision-mission/
Social Justice

Centre for Conflict Management and Women Development Affairs (CECOWDA)

https://cecowda.jimdo.com/about-us/objectives-vision-mission/
Medical Psycho-social-support

Centre for Conflict Management and Women Development Affairs (CECOWDA)

https://cecowda.jimdo.com/about-us/objectives-vision-mission/
Capacity Building

Centre for Education, Promotion and Advancement of the Rights of Adolescent Mothers (CEPARAM)

http://preventgbvafrica.org/member/centre-for-education-promotion-and-advancement-of-the-rights-of-adolescent-mothers-ceparam/
Capacity Building

Centre for Education, Promotion and Advancement of the Rights of Adolescent Mothers (CEPARAM)

http://preventgbvafrica.org/member/centre-for-education-promotion-and-advancement-of-the-rights-of-adolescent-mothers-ceparam/
Rehabilitation

Centre for Education, Promotion and Advancement of the Rights of Adolescent Mothers (CEPARAM)

http://preventgbvafrica.org/member/centre-for-education-promotion-and-advancement-of-the-rights-of-adolescent-mothers-ceparam/
Medical Psycho-social-support

Centre for Education, Promotion and Advancement of the Rights of Adolescent Mothers (CEPARAM)

http://preventgbvafrica.org/member/centre-for-education-promotion-and-advancement-of-the-rights-of-adolescent-mothers-ceparam/
Advocacy

Centre for Girls and Interaction

https://centreforgirlsandinteraction.weebly.com/
Policy

Centre for Girls and Interaction

https://centreforgirlsandinteraction.weebly.com/
Education

Chinasi Foundation

http://www.chinansifoundation.org/
Capacity Building

Chipembere Community Development Organization

https://chipembere1999.wixsite.com/ccdo
Capacity Building

Chipembere Community Development Organization

https://chipembere1999.wixsite.com/ccdo
Education

Help us improve our SGBV database

Do you have information that will be of help to us? Seeking a clarification? Perhaps a complaint?  Contact us