Burundi

Sexual and gender based violence in Burundi

Background

Gender based violence is a broad concept: it includes sexual, physical, emotional, and economic harm done to someone based on their gender, usually targeted at women and girls. According to many researchers and activists GBV in Burundi is heavily attributed to the 12-year civil war that ended with a peace accord being signed and ratified in 2005. However, despite the signing of the accord, despite the return of the democratic process, the situation of women as victims has not improved.

Statistics

Gender inequality index rank: 184

Global Gender Gap index rank: 22

In 2002, the United Nations Populations Fund (UNFPA) conducted a socio-demographic survey in urban areas, rural areas as well as IDP camps in Burundi. In total 9,398 women aged over 14 years were asked a set of detailed questions on victimization of sexual and other GBV. The quantitative results of the survey showed that at least 40% of the women interviewed had experienced some form of GBV.

Seruka Centre, an NGO that helps victims that have been affected by GBV, has since 2007 received 19,208 victims of gender-based violence with most of them being teenagers under 18. Schola Rubarika, a doctor at the Centre, puts the average at 120 cases per month, 60 to 70% being teenagers 46% of which are children under 13 and 20% being children under 5.

What is Burundi doing now?

The government of Burundi has recognized the importance of including women’s rights and the elimination of GBV in it policies. It has incorporated a number of international legal instruments into its constitution including, the Kampala Declaration on Sexual and Gender Based Violence, and the UN Security Council Resolution 1325. Since 2016, Burundi has also had a law focused on gender-based violence. Although the law punishes acts of GBV, it does not include important provisions such as compensation for victims of GBV.

The Burundian government is currently implementing a National Gender Policy effective from 2012 until 2025. One of the priorities of this policy is to eliminate GBV. A study done by USAID in 2017 indicated that there are some gaps in the implementation of this policy. There is very little budget available within the Ministry of Human Rights, Social Affairs and Gender to fund this policy and it is insufficient to cover all the needs that have to be addressed. A coordination mechanism to oversee the implementation of the policy has also not yet been set up.

Find organizations that support SGBV victims below.

African League for Active non-Violence

http://preventgbvafrica.org/member/african-league-for-active-non-violence/
Rehabilitation

African League for Active non-Violence

http://preventgbvafrica.org/member/african-league-for-active-non-violence/
Litigation

Amnesty International

https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/africa/burundi/report-burundi/
Research

Anglican Church of Burundi

http://www.anglicanburundi.org/news/2017/03/18/gbv-fight-together-we-are-able/
Medical Psycho-social-support

Association des femmes juristes du Burundi

http://www.unhcr.org/partners/ngodirectory/48fdeb881a/association-des-femmes-juristes-du-burundi
Legal aid

Association Pour la Defense des droits de la femme [ADDF]

http://addfburundi.bi/
Communication Awareness

Association pour la Promotion de la Fille Burundaise (APFB)

http://apfbburundi.blogspot.co.ke/
Social Justice

CARE International Burundi

http://www.care.org/country/burundi
Research

CARE International Burundi

http://preventgbvafrica.org/member/care-international-burundi/
Training

Centre Seruka

http://www.centreseruka.org/
Medical Psycho-social-support

Collectives of the Women's Associations of the Great Lakes Region

http://cocafemgl.org/
Social Justice

Colonie des Pionniers de Développement CPD

https://www.peaceinsight.org/fr/conflicts/burundi/peacebuilding-organisations/cpd/
Accountability

Episcopal Relief & Development

https://www.episcopalrelief.org/what-we-do/our-programs/gender-equality-womens-empowerment-gbv
Communication Awareness

FOGUDI

http://preventgbvafrica.org/member/fogudi/
Legal aid

Great Lakes Inkingi Development, GLID

http://preventgbvafrica.org/member/great-lakes-inkingi-developpment-glid/
Policy

Healthnet TPO

http://www.healthnettpo.org/en/26/healthnet-in-burundi.html
Medical Psycho-social-support

INITIATIVES FOR PEACE AND HUMAN RIGHTS (iPeace)

https://www.iphr-ipdh.org/our-blog/ipeace-provides-legal-services-to-233-burundian-refugees-survivors-of-sexual-violence-and-child-abuse
Litigation

International Medical Corps

https://internationalmedicalcorps.org/burundi
Social Justice

International Rescue Committee

https://www.rescue.org/country/burundi
Rehabilitation

Karuna Centre for Peace Building

http://www.karunacenter.org/burundi.html
Training

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